Massimo Santinello
Polish adaptation:
Team of the Psychological Tests Laboratory
Aleksandra Jaworowska
Adult persons aged 19-65
Individual or group administration; no time limit; average time: 5–10 minutes
Especially useful for:
Psychologists (MA in psychology required); educators, HR specialists, career advisers Psychologists (MA degree in psychology required); educators, HR specialists, career advisers – after completing the training;
Test category:
B2 – for psychologists; may be used by other professionals provided they completed a general or HR tests training.

LBQ is a Polish adaptation of the Italian questionnaire created by Massimo Sentinello. It measures professional burnout in persons whose job consists in teaching or helping other people.

Description: LBQ consists of 24 items describing a respondent's feelings about his/her job. The answers are given according to the 6-point scale where each point refers to frequency of those feelings. LBQ allows to measure 4 aspects of professional burnout: Psychophysical exhaustion (dimension reffering to the self-assessment of one's own psycophysical ressources); Deterioration of relations with clients (dimension referring to the quality of those relations);
Job ineffectiveness (dimension referring to the self-assessment of one's own professional competences); Disappointment (dimension of existential expectations).

Reliability: Satisfactory internal compatibility and score stability in all scales, except for the scale Feeling of professional ineffectiveness.

Validity: Confirmatory factor analysis showed that the LBQ structure in the Polish version is equivalent to the original version. Validity of LBQ is also evidenced by the confirmed relationships between burnout and work satisfaction, amount of stress, active ways of coping with it, feeling of external control and need for achievement. The research also showed specificities of burnout in various professional groups.

Norms: For five professional groups whose activities consist in helping others or teaching (teachers, therapists, nurses, physicians, policemen/firemen/prison guards). There are also norms for a comparison group whose members perform work which does not consist in helping others (accountants, engineers, and computer specialists).

Application: Research purposes; diagnosing groups, task teams, and organizations; change and intervention planning in the organization; assessement of organizations and their atmospheres.


  • Package (original handbook, Polish normalization, 25 sheets with a key)
  • Original handbook
  • Polish normalization
  • Questionnaires (25 cop.)
Please note: All of our tests are published in Polish. There are not available other language versions of our tools.

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