Anna Sukiennik (2012)
Individual or group administration, test time approx. 15 min.
Test users:
Psychologists (MA in psychology required)
C – for psychologists only

DESCRIPTION: The Questionnaire of Attitudes assesses the degree of positive attitude towards self and others. Based on selected premises of E. Berne’s transactional analysis, further developed by T. A. Harris, and on the emotional bond model of K. Bartholomew and L. M. Horowitz. The questionnaire consists of 73 items constituting two scales: I-OK and YOU-OK. Separate results as well as their configurations are assessed.

RELIABILITY: High indices of internal consistency of the scales as well as stability.

VALIDITY: As expected, proved by correlations with main personality traits – extraversion and neuroticism measured with EPQ-R, attachment styles and autistic, symbiotic and separational tendencies, as in object-relation theory. Their different correlations with inter- or intrapersonal emotional intelligence speaks for the differential validity of the scales. Confirmed hypothesized differences in the range of KU results between groups of prisoners, psychiatric patients (depressive or schizophrenic), and main population.

NORMS: Standard ten for two groups – students aged 18-24, persons aged 25-39, women and men separately.

APPLICATIONS: Thanks to high reliability, the KU can be used in research and for individual assessment as well. Can be useful in screening for persons displaying problems in functioning because of the negative attitudes towards self and others and thus needing therapeutic help.

•    Kit (manual, 25 questionnaires,  scoring key)
•    Manual
•    Questionnaires (25 copies)
•    Scoring key

Please note: All of our tests are published in Polish. There are not available other language versions of our tools.

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