Mieczysław Plopa, Ryszard Makarowski
Adolescents (above 16), adults.
Group or individual administration, no time limit: approx. 20 min.
Test users:
Psychologists (MA in psychology required)
C – for psychologists only

The questionnaire measures the structure of stress sensation. It enables to compute the overall score informing about the generalized stress level, and three scores concerning following dimensions: emotional tension, external stress, and intrapsychic stress. The questionnaire contains also a Lie scale.

DESCRIPITON:  The questionnaire consists of 27 statements; the examinee is required to rank them on a five-point scale from “True” to “False” according to their personal applicability.

RELIABILITY: High internal consistency for three scales (dimensions), found in the examination of adults, between .70 and .81. The reliability of the Lie scale turned out to be lower (.57). Stability not examined.

VALIDITY: Confirmed factorial validity of the KPS. Construct validity examined by correlating KPS stores with stores of questionnaires measuring personality (NEO-FFI), temperament (PTS), depression (BDI), anxiety (STAI), parental attitudes (SPR-2), attachment styles (KSP), and marital satisfaction (KDM-2). Information about the criterion validity is given by comparing the KPS scores in hospitalized patients and healthy persons, as well as persons performing various jobs.

NORMS:  Standard ten, for persons aged 16 – 70, with respect to the age, gender and educational status.

APPLICATIONS: Research, individual diagnosis in educational, health care, and penitentiary facilities.


•    Kit (manual, sets of sheets of 100 each for every kind)
•    Manual
•    Sheets – set (100 copies)

*Published by AE-H, formerly Vizja Press

Please note: All of our tests are published in Polish. There are not available other language versions of our tools.

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