David H. Olson
Polish adaptation and manual:
Andrzej Margasiński
Children from the age of 12 and adults
Individual or group administration, no time limit
Test users:
Psychologists (MA in psychology required)
C – for psychologists only

DESCRIPTION: The questionnaire consists of 62 statements which applicability is rated by the subject on a five-point scale from completely don’t agree to completely agree. Those statements constitute eight scales. Six of them are the main scales of the Circumplex Model by David H. Olson, which concern two dimensions of the family functioning – cohesion and flexibility (Balanced Cohesion, Disengagement, Enmeshment; Balanced Flexibility, Rigidity, Chaos). Two other assess communication (the third dimension of the Circumplex Model), and family satisfaction. Aside from the results of the separate scales, three complex indicators can be calculated: cohesion, flexibility, and overall, which is a measure of family functioning correctness.   

RELIABILITY: High or satisfactory internal consistency of scales.

VALIDITY: Confirmatory factor analysis proved the structural consistency of the questionnaire with the model by Olson.

NORMS: Interim standard ten and percentile norms for husbands, wives, sons, and daughters.

APPLICATIONS: The questionnaire measures family functioning. Individuals or whole families can be assessed. Four scales – measuring balanced cohesion and balanced flexibility as well as family communication and satisfaction - can be used in diagnosis, the other are recommended in research on family problems.

•    Kit (manual, FACES IV questionnaire and the Circumplex Model. Validation study. 25 test sheets, 25 answer sheets, 25 result profiles)
•    FACES IV questionnaire and the Circumplex Model. Validation study.
•    Manual
•    Answer sheets (25 copies)
•    Test sheets (25 copies)
•    Results profile (25 copies)


Please note: All of our tests are published in Polish. There are not available other language versions of our tools.

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