David Goldberg
Polish adaptation:
Zofia Makowska, Dorota Merecz
Group or individual administration, time generally does not exceed 10 minutes
Especially useful for:
Psychologists, doctors, mainly psychiatrists (MA degree in psychological or medical studies is required – doctors)
A – for psychologists and other professionals (MA required)

The General Health Questionnaires GHQ-12 and GHQ-28 assess mental health in adults. They help to identify persons whose mental condition has undergone a temporary or long-term breakdown due to either experienced difficulties, problems or mental illness and also persons at risk at mental health disorders.

DESCRIPTION: The General Health Questionnaire is a 12-item (GHQ-12) or 28-item (GHQ-28) inventory which derives, in its basic format, from Goldberg’s 60-item General Health Questionnaire. The GHQ-12 yields only a total score indicative of the patient’s mental condition whereas the GHQ-28 yields both a total score and scores on four scales: somatic symptoms; anxiety and insomnia; dysfunction; and depression.

RELIABILITY: High internal consistency coefficients for both questionnaires and satisfactory stability.

VALIDITY: Demonstrated by means of between-group comparisons and factor analysis for GHQ-28.

NORMS: Standard ten norms (separate for men and women) for working adults and patients in basic health care.

APPLICATIONS: Screening aimed at identifying mentally disturbed persons and assessing mental condition in various populations.

•    Kit (manual, 20 GHQ-12 answer sheets, 20 GHQ-28 answer sheets)
•    Manual
•    GHQ-12 answer sheets (20 copies)
•    GHQ-28 answer sheets (20 copies)

 * This test is published by the Professor J. Nofer Institute of Occupational Medicine in Łódź.


Please note: All of our tests are published in Polish. There are not available other language versions of our tools.

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