Arnold H. Buss, Robert Plomin
Polish adaptation:
Włodzimierz Oniszczenko (1997)
Children, adolescents, adults
Individual or group administration; no time limit – approx. 10 minutes
Test users:
Psychologists (MA in psychology required)
C – for psychologists only

A questionnaire to diagnose the temperament understood as a combination of inherited personality traits. It consists of three versions – one for adults, two for children.

In 2015 the new modified version of the EAS handbook was published. It includes the entirely new chapter devoted to a review of research concerning practical importance of features measured on the EAS.

DESCRIPTION: The version for adults is a self-report survey. The versions for children refer to observational data yielded in one version from parents, in the second – from teachers. Each of three versions consists of 20 items – statements, which suitableness is rated by the subject on a five-point scale (from "Never true" to "Always true"). The version for adults contains five scales regarding: Emotionality, Fear, Anger, Activity, and Sociability, and the versions for children – four scales each regarding: Shyness, Sociability, Activity, and  Emotionality. The Buss & Plomin behavior-genetic theory of temperament is the theoretical basis of the tool.

RELIABILITY: Low internal consistency of the version for adults and for children, satisfactory stability for all versions.

VALIDITY: Confirmed via factorial analyses, genetic research, correlations with other questionnaires (the version for adults), and by comparing the Parent and Teacher ratings.

NORMS: Adult version: for males and females divided into two age groups: 18-30 and 31-40. For both genders aged 3-7 and 8-11; separately for mothers, fathers and teachers ratings.

APPLICATIONS: For experimental research, also for counseling.

•    Kit – all versions (manual, 25 sheets and scoring key for adults, 25 sheets and scoring key for parents, 25 sheets and scoring key for teachers)
•    Kit – adult version (manual, 25 sheets, 1 scoring key)
•    Kit – children’s version (manual, 25 sheets, 1 scoring key)
•    Manual (for all versions)
•    Sheets for adults (25 copies)
•    Sheets for parents (25 copies)
•    Sheets for teachers (25 copies)
•    Scoring keys (set of 3)

Please note: All of our tests are published in Polish. There are not available other language versions of our tools.

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