BHI-12 – Basic Hope Questionnaire

Jerzy Trzebiński, Mariusz Zięba (2003)
Adolescents over 16 years old, students, adults
Group or individual administration, time does not exceed 10 minutes
Especially useful for:
Psychologists, other specialists: educators, sociologists, doctors, health promotion, psychotherapists (MA degree in psychological, sociological, pedagogical, medical or health protection and promotion required)
A – for psychologists and other professionals (MA required)

Basic hope measured by the questionnaire is here understood according to E. Erikson's theory as an individual belief that the world is well-ordered, meaningful and friendly towards people. This belief is a factor conditioning individual constructive responses to changes and breakthroughs, especially those connected to irreparable loss.

DESCRIPTION: The questionnaire consists of 12 statements: the examinee defins to what extent s/he agrees with each of them – for that purpose s/he uses a 1 to 5 scale (where 1 = "I definitely disagree” and 5 = "I definitely agree”).

RELIABILITY:  satisfactory internal consistency and stability were found out in the examination of older high-school students.

VALIDITY:  The BHI-12 scores are positively correlated with personality variables referring to good adjustement (e.g. optimism, life satisfaction, internal sense of control, opennes to experiences) and negatively with anxiety and depressiveness. The relationship was also found out between basic hope as measured by the BHI-12 and constructive and pro-developmental responses to difficult situations. Factor analysis of the questionnaire revealed (in accordance with theoretical assumptions)  two factors of which the first refers to beliefs of the world's friendliness and the second to those of the world's order and predictability.

NORMS: S-ten norms developped using the 592 persons sample of high-school students.

APPLICABILITY: In a research context  and in individual diagnosis (esp. when the adjustment ability, responses to stress and trauma or effectiveness of education and therapeutic interventions are prognosed) 

Please note: All of our tests are published in Polish. There are not available other language versions of our tools.

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