SUPIN. POSITIVE AND NEGATIVE AFFECT SCHEDULE (PANAS)

Authors:
David Watson. Lee Anny Clark
Manual with Polish standardization: :
Piotr Brzozowski
Age:
Adults
Procedure:
Individual or group administration.
Test users:
Psychologists (psychology diploma required).

DESCRIPTION: This tool measures the strength of negative or positive emotions. It exists in four different versions. Two of them (a shorter one – comprising 20 items, and a longer one – 30 items) serve to measure current emotional states (S20 & S30). The remaining two, analogous in length difference, concern relatively constant affective traits (C20 & C30). Each version consists of an adjective list. Subject has to assess, using 5-point scale, to what extent the given adjectives correspondes with her/his current state (S versions) or with usual emotional traits (C versions). Testing with one version takes about 5 – 15 minutes. Scores in each version are computed separately for two subscales – PU (positive emotions) and NU (negative emotions).

RELIABILITY: Internal consistency of the scales is high or satisfactory – Cronbach`s alpha coefficients, depending on the version and the kind of sample, oscillate between .73 and .95. C versions show also high stability.

VALIDITY: Proven on the basis of factor analysis, cluster analysis, correlations with other tools, and intergroup differences.

NORMS: Norms based on scores of the random sample of adult Lublin inhabitants (women and men separately), and female students of the UMCS, as well as norm based on results of the quota sample consisting of persons aged 18 – 85 from seven different regions of Poland (only for C20 version).

APPLICATIONS: The tool can be applied in research and (thanks to high reliability, especially in the longer, 30-item versions) in the individual diagnosis. Slightly elevated scores in negative emotion scales may be attributed to some disorder, and defining the connection between the level of negative and positive emotions can help in differing between anxiety disorder and mood disorder.

MATERIALS:
•    Kit (manual with Polish standardization, 25 test sheets for the S20 version, 25 test sheets for the S30 version, 25 test sheets for the C20 version, 25 test sheets for the C30 version, 25 Answer sheets with scoring key for the S20 version, 25 Answer sheets with scoring key for the S30 version, 25 Answer sheets with scoring key for the C20 version, 25 Answer sheets with scoring key for the C30 version)
•    Manual with Polish standardization
•    Test sheets for the S20 version (25 copies)
•    Test sheets for the S30 version (25 copies)
•    Test sheets for the C20 version (25 copies)
•    Test sheets for the C30 version (25 copies)
•    Answer sheets with scoring key for the S20 version (25 copies)
•    Answer sheets with scoring key for the S30 version (25 copies)
•    Answer sheets with scoring key for the C20 version (25 copies)
•    Answer sheets with scoring key for the C30 version (25 copies)

Please note: All of our tests are published in Polish. There are not available other language versions of our tools.

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