DYSLEKSJA 5. DIAGNOSIS OF DYSLEXIA IN 5TH GRADERS. APPENDIX TO THE DIAGNOSTIC GUIDE.

Authors:
Aleksandra Jaworowska, Anna Matczak, Joanna Stańczak (2010)
Age:
Normalization for 5th graders
Test users:
Psychologists, pedagogues (psychology or teaching diploma required).

Appendix is a supplement to Diagnostic Guide, published in 2009, describing diagnostic methodology in case of confirming or disproving dyslexia, which also contains information about test procedure and psychometric properties of 10 tests diagnosing dyslexia in 3rd graders. Appendix gives information about psychometric properties of 8 tests diagnosing dyslexia in 5th graders.  

The battery to examine 5th graders includes tests for:

A. READING

  • CSS 5 – Reading Real Words – version for 5th graders
  • Łatysz
  • SKREŚL – Reading and Crossing Out

B. WRITING

  • DYK 5 – Dictation - version for 5th graders

C. PHONOLOGICAL SKILLS

  • UF 5 – Deleting Phonemes - version for 5th graders
  • NJ – Unknown Language
  • ZETO – Zetotest

D. RAPID NAMING

  • TSN – Rapid Naming Test (S version)

All the tests demonstrate satisfactory reliability and validly discriminate between children with independently confirmed serious reading & writing difficulties and the general population children. Norms for 5th graders are also included, for winter and summer semester separately.
The study results presented in the Appendix confirm the validity of the proposed diagnostic methodology. The Appendix contains also a chapter dedicated to characterizing intelligence of dyslectic children, particularly when compared to the general population. The Appendix contains also some case studies of children reported as having reading & writing difficulties.

READING REAL WORDS 5 (CZYTANIE SENSOWNYCH SŁÓW 5)
Author: Grażyna Krasowicz-Kupis
A reading test with non-connected words, designed for detecting deficits in decoding, the key dyslexia symptom.
It consists of 89 non-connected words. The child is given the task to read aloud all the words one by one as fast as possible. The test takes about 2-3 min.
The main test index is the number of correctly read words, i.e. not distorted and whole at once. A secondary index is time of reading a 89-word list.

ŁATYSZ
Author: Marta Bogdanowicz
A reading test with artificial words, enabling to examine decoding without any reference to semantics, that is, by eliminating compensation mechanisms connected to word memory.
It consists of 71 nonsense words varying in length. Children are asked to read aloud the words one by one as fast as they can. Reading time is limited to 1 minute.
The main test index is the number of correctly read words (i.e. not distorted) in 1 minute. A secondary index  is the ratio of correct words to all the words read in 1 minute.

READING AND CROSSING OUT (CZYTANIE ZE SKREŚLENIAMI)
Author: Grażyna Krasowicz-Kupis
A reading comprehension test measuring lexical competence.
It consists of 78 words – 50 real (various grammatical forms and pats of speech) and 28 artificial ones. The task is to read silently and cross out “false” (artificial) words. The test takes 1 minute.
The test index is the number of correctly identified words (i. e. not crossed out – existing and crossed out – not existing in Polish) in 60 seconds.

DICTATION 5 (DYKTANDO 5)
Author: Izabela Pietras
The test measures the ability to write by ear, results inform about spelling competency.
A rhymed text containing 18 sentences (prevalently complex) with total of 171 words representing all parts of speech. Each sentence is dictated twice, and additionally the whole text in the beginning and ending. The test takes approx. 16 min.
The main index is the number of correctly written words. Two secondary indexes can be also evaluated – number of mistakes and number of omitted, added or swapped words.

DELETING PHONEMES 5 (USUWANIE FONEMÓW 5)
Authors: Marcin Szczerbiński,& Olga Pelc-Pękala
Test measures phonological awareness manifesting itself in the ability to single out specific heard elements from real words.
The subject has to speak given words without some phoneme, indicated each time.  The test consists of 7 practice words, and 23 test words. The test takes approx. 3 min.
The main index r is the number of correctly executed tasks of repeating a word using phoneme deletion.

UNKNOWN LANGUAGE (NIEZNANY JĘZYK)
Author: Marta Bogdanowicz
Test measures several phonological skills: ability to differentiate sounds (phonemic hearing), capability to operate on phonological elements (analysis and synthesis), phonological memory.
It consists of 87 samples which in turn constitute seven kinds of tasks: Comparing Paronyms, Analysis of Paronyms, Syllable Analysis, Syllable Synthesis, Phonemic Analysis, Phonemic Synthesis, and Phonological Memory. The test takes approx. 8 min.
The main test index is the sum of points earned by solving 87 tasks. Partial indexes for each set of tasks can also be separately measured.

ZETOTEST
Author: Grażyna Krasowicz-Kupis
Test evaluates „phonological loop”, i. e. short-term phonological memory.
It consists of 40 artificial words of varying phonological complexity. The examiner reads aloud separate words to the child, one by one, asking every time to repeat them. The test takes approx. less than 3 min.
The main test index is the number of correctly repeated words.

RAPID NAMING TEST - S VERSION (TEST SZYBKIEGO NAZYWANIA – WERSJA S)

Authors: Diana Fecenec, Aleksandra Jaworowska, Anna Matczak, Joanna Stańczak, & Ewa Zalewska
Test evaluates the speed of serial, continuous naming of well-known stimuli.
It consists of five kinds of tasks which are as follows: pictures illustrating well-known objects, colors, digits, letters, and mixed stimuli of triple kind (colors, digits, and letters). Prior to each of first four tasks, the child is trained in a short time in naming stimuli from a given category. The test takes approx. slightly above 5 min.
Test results are expressed in three main indexes: time of naming mixed stimuli (colors, digits, and letters), total time of naming pictures and colors, total time of naming digits and letters.

 

MATERIALS:
•    Kit (manual, Appendix, 25 CSS5 recording sheets, CSS5 card, 25 ŁATYSZ recording sheets, ŁATYSZ card, 25 SKREŚL answer sheets, 25 DOMEK answer sheets, 25 DYK5 test sheets, 25 NJ recording sheets, 25 ZETO recording sheets, 25 UF5 recording sheets, 25 TSN recording sheets, TSN test booklet, 25 AZ5 overall recording sheets)
•    Manual
•    Appendix
•    AZ5 overall recording sheet (25 copies)
•    CSS5 – card
•    CSS5 – recording sheets (25 copies)
•    DYK5 – test sheets (25 copies)
•    ŁATYSZ – card
•    ŁATYSZ – recording sheets (25 copies)
•    NJ – recording sheets (25 copies)
•    SKREŚL – answer sheets (25 copies)
•    TSN – recording sheets (25 copies)
•    TSN – test booklet
•    UF 5 – recording sheets (25 copies)
•    ZETO - recording (25 copies)
•    Complement package for the owners of Dysleksja 3 kit:  Appendix, CSS5 card, 25 CSS5 recording sheets, 25 DYK5 test sheets, 25 UF5 recording sheets, 25 AZ5 overall recording sheets

 

Please note: All of our tests are published in Polish. There are not available other language versions of our tools.

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