DYSLEKSJA 3. DIAGNOSIS OF DYSLEXIA IN 3RD GRADERS. DIAGNOSTIC GUIDE

Authors:
Marta Bogdanowicz, Aleksandra Jaworowska, Grażyna Krasowicz-Kupis, Anna Matczak, Olga Pelc-Pękala, Izabela Pietras, Joanna Stańczak, Marcin Szczerbiński (2009)
Age:
Normalization for 3th graders
Test users:
Psychologists, pedagogues (psychology or teaching diploma required).

A Guide holds information about psychometric features and test procedure of a ten-test battery that diagnoses dyslexia in 3rd grade. Rules for interpretation and integration of scores in the whole  battery are also given as well as diagnostic methodology.

The battery includes tests for:
A. READING

  • 3 – Reading Real Words – version for 3rd graders
  • Łatysz
  • SKREŚL – Reading and Crossing Out
  • DOMEK - Dwarves’ House

B. WRITING

  • DYK 3 – Dictation - version for 3rd graders
  • UZ – Completing Sentences

C. PHONOLOGICAL SKILLS

  • UF 3 – Deleting Phonemes - version for 3rd graders
  • NJ – Unknown Language
  • ZETO – Zetotest

D. RAPID NAMING

  • TSN – Rapid Naming Test (S version)

All the tests demonstrate satisfactory reliability and validly discriminate between children with serious reading & writing difficulties and the healthy ones. Norms for 3rd graders are also included.
The study results presented in the Guide confirm the validity of the proposed diagnostic procedure. The Guide contains also some case studies of children reported as having difficulties. Diagnostic hypothesis of developmental dyslexia in those children was verified on the base of the methodology described in the Guide.
TEST USERS: Psychologists, pedagogues (psychology or teaching diploma required).

READING REAL WORDS 3 (CZYTANIE SENSOWNYCH SŁÓW 3)
Author: Grażyna Krasowicz-Kupis
A reading test with non-connected words, designed for detecting deficits in decoding, the key dyslexia symptom.
It consists of 50 words of varying length and complexity. Children are given the task to read aloud all the words one by one as fast as they can.
The main test index is the number of correctly read words, i.e. not distorted and whole at once. A secondary index is time of reading a 50-word list.
The test takes about 2 min.

ŁATYSZ
Author: Marta Bogdanowicz
A reading test with artificial words, enabling to examine decoding without any reference to semantics, that is, by eliminating compensation mechanisms connected to word memory.
It consists of 71 nonsense words varying in length. Children are asked to read aloud the words one by one as fast as they can. Reading time is limited to 1 minute.
The main test index is the number of correctly read words (i.e. not distorted) in 1 minute. A secondary index  is the ratio of correct words to all the words read in 1 minute.

READING AND CROSSING OUT (CZYTANIE ZE SKREŚLENIAMI)
Author: Grażyna Krasowicz-Kupis
A reading comprehension test measuring lexical competence.
It consists of 78 words – 50 real (various grammatical forms and pats of speech) and 28 artificial ones. The task is to read silently and cross out “false” (artificial) words. The test takes 1 minute.
The test index is the number of correctly identified words (i. e. not crossed out – existing and crossed out – not existing in Polish) in 60 seconds.

DWARVES’ HOUSE (DOMEK KRASNOLUDKÓW)
Author: Grażyna Krasowicz-Kupis
A reading comprehension test on the text and sentence level.
It consists of 24 sentences constituting a story about dwarves and their little house. In 18 places of this story there are alternative words from which one has to choose. The task is to read silently and cross out the non-fitting word from each pair. The test takes approx. 5 min.
The main test index is time, the secondary – number of correct answers.

DICTATION 3 (DYKTANDO 3)
Author: Izabela Pietras
The test measures the ability to write by ear, results inform about spelling competency.
It consists of 12 sentences (incl. 4 complex) with 85 words in total representing various parts of speech. The examiner reads aloud the whole text, and then dictates sentences one by one. The test takes approx. 10 min.
The main index is the number of correctly written words. Two secondary indexes can be also evaluated – number of mistakes and number of omitted, added or swapped words.

COMPLETING SENTENCES (UZUPEŁNIANIE ZDAŃ)
Author: Izabela Pietras
Test measures writing ability.
It consists of 15 sentences with empty spaces which should be filled by an appropriate word. The examiner reads each sentence and asks to say aloud the lacking word. In case of difficulties, the examiner discloses or corrects the answer. The child has to write down the given word only afterwards. The test takes approx. 3 min.
The main index is the number of correctly written words, the secondary – number of mistakes.

DELETING PHONEMES 3 (USUWANIE FONEMÓW 3)
Authors: Marcin Szczerbiński,& Olga Pelc-Pękala
Test measures phonological awareness.
It consists of 23 tasks, preceded with 6 control sentences. The child has to speak the words given by the examiner, with omission of a particular phoneme. The test takes approx. slightly above 3 min.
The main index is the number of correctly executed tasks of repeating a word using phoneme deletion.

UNKNOWN LANGUAGE (NIEZNANY JĘZYK)

Author: Marta Bogdanowicz
Test measures several phonological skills: ability to differentiate sounds (phonemic hearing), capability to operate on phonological elements (analysis and synthesis), phonological memory.
It consists of 87 samples which in turn constitute seven kinds of tasks: Comparing Paronyms, Analysis of Paronyms, Syllable Analysis, Syllable Synthesis, Phonemic Analysis, Phonemic Synthesis, and Phonological Memory. The test takes approx. 8 min.
The main test index is the sum of points earned by solving 87 tasks. Partial indexes for each set of tasks can also be separately measured.

ZETOTEST
Author: Grażyna Krasowicz-Kupis
Test evaluates „phonological loop”, i. e. short-term phonological memory.
It consists of 40 artificial words of varying phonological complexity. The examiner reads aloud separate words to the child, one by one, asking every time to repeat them. The test takes approx. less than 3 min.
The main test index is the number of correctly repeated words.

RAPID NAMING TEST - S VERSION (TEST SZYBKIEGO NAZYWANIA – WERSJA S)

Authors: Diana Fecenec, Aleksandra Jaworowska, Anna Matczak, Joanna Stańczak, & Ewa Zalewska
Test evaluates the speed of serial, continuous naming of well-known stimuli.
It consists of five kinds of tasks which are as follows: pictures illustrating well-known objects, colors, digits, letters, and mixed stimuli of triple kind (colors, digits, and letters). Prior to each of first four tasks, the child is trained in a short time in naming stimuli from a given category. The test takes approx. slightly above 5 min.
Test results are expressed in three main indexes: time of naming mixed stimuli (colors, digits, and letters), total time of naming pictures and colors, total time of naming digits and letters.

MATERIALS:
•    Kit (manual, 25 CSS-3 recording sheets, CSS-3 card, 25 ŁATYSZ recording sheets, ŁATYSZ card, 25 SKREŚL answer sheets, 25 DOMEK answer sheets, 25 DYK-3 test sheets, 25 UZ answer sheets, 25 UZ recording sheets, 25 NJ recording sheets, 25 ZETO recording sheets, 25 UF-3 recording sheets, 25 TSN recording sheets, TSN test booklet, 25 AZ 3 overall recording sheets)
•    Manual (one for all battery tests)
•    CSS 3 – recording sheets (25 copies)
•    CSS 3 – card
•    ŁATYSZ – card
•    ŁATYSZ – recording sheets (25 copies)
•    SKREŚL – answer sheets (25 copies)
•    DOMEK – answer sheets (25 copies)
•    DYK 3 – test sheets (25 copies)
•    UZ – answer sheets (25 copies)
•    UZ – recording sheets (25 copies)
•    NJ – recording sheets (25 copies)
•    ZETO – recording sheets (25 copies)
•    UF 3 – recording sheets (25 copies)
•    TSN – test booklet
•    TSN – recording sheets (25 copies)
•    AZ 3 – overall recording sheet (25 copies)

Please note: All of our tests are published in Polish. There are not available other language versions of our tools.

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