Małgorzata Sobol-Kwapińska (2008)
Adolescents, adults.
Group or individual administration – approx. 20-25 min.
Test users:
Psychologists, sociologist (psychology or sociology diploma required).

DESCRIPTION: The questionnaire is used to test different ways of perceiving time. It contains 7 scales concerning different dimensions of time perception. Two main scales (which, in turn, contain subscales) measure emotional attitude towards time – positive or negative, other are devoted to sense of time speed, perceiving the value of the present time and such properties of time as chaos, subtle charm, and void.
KMC contains 95 items, metaphorical sentences concerning time. Subject decides on a four-point scale, if each metaphor fits her/his manner of thinking about time.

RELIABILITY: High internal consistency of scales and subscales (Cronbach’s alpha oscillates around .80), high stability (correlation coefficients between two measurements made with a 3-week interval are in a range of .68-.87).

VALIDITY: Construct validity confirmed by factor analysis which shows correspondence between the construction of the KMC and the structure of the construct underlying the questionnaire. As expected, connections between the KMC scores and temporal orientation of the AION-2000 questionnaire (Nosal & Bajcar), sense of life as measured by the PIL scale, emotional state measured by PANAS and “Big Five” personality traits are also documented as well as correlations between KMC’s sense of time and demographical variables – gender and age.

NORMS: Separately for women and men, based on an incidental 320-strong sample, mainly secondary and higher education level.

APPLICATIONS: Recommended generally in research on time attitudes, may be also used in individual diagnosis for determining strong and weak points in the area of coping with time, as a starting point in the attitude change process and optimization of time management.

•    Kit (manual, 25 sheets, scoring key)
•    Manual
•    Sheets (25 copies)
•    Scoring key

Please note: All of our tests are published in Polish. There are not available other language versions of our tools.

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