DSR. CHILDREN DEVELOPMENT SCALE DSR

Authors:
Anna Matczak, Aleksandra Jaworowska, Anna Ciechanowicz, Diana Fecenec, Joanna Stańczak, Ewa Zalewska (2007)
Manual:
Anna Matczak, Aleksandra Jaworowska, Anna Ciechanowicz, Diana Fecenec, Joanna Stańczak, Ewa Zalewska

The test diagnoses the child's current development stage.

DESCRIPTION: DSR consists of an Performance Scale and an Observational Scale. Performance Scale consists of 10 tests (Manipulation, Perception, Scribbling and Drawing, Blocks, Comparing, Memory, Speech, Vocabulary, Social Behavior, and Gross Motor). The child is tested with the tests appropriate to the child's age. A training film is included. Overall score in the Performance Scale is the sum of points earned in all taken tests. From the fourth month on, one can do a profile analysis. Observational Scale enables to evaluate a child's temperamental traits by observing its behavior during the examination: Vigor, Adaptability, Rhythmicity, and Sensitivity.

RELIABILITY: High internal consistency and stability of the overall score, somewhat lower in the separate tests.

VALIDITY: Performance Scale results increase with the age and differentiate children with neurological problems.

An Appendix by Anna Matczak, Aleksandra Jaworowska, Małgorzata Wójtowicz-Dacka, Agnieszka Piotrowska, & Barbara Kosmowska (DSR Children Developmental Scale. Execution Scale. Appendix, 2009) contains the newest validation data for the Children Developmental Scale. It also cites examples of using this tool in psychological practice.

The first chapter presents results of the Psychological Test Laboratory’s studies on prognostic validity of DSR concerning connection between DSR scores obtained by children in the second half of the third year of life and scores in two intelligence tests, Raven’s Colored Progressive Matrices and Columbia Mental Maturity Scale, performed after a year and a half.

The second chapter describes a longitudinal study of the group of infants examined at the age of 6, 9 and 12 months. Results of three different developmental scales were compared: Children Developmental Scale, Brunet-Lézine Scale for Measuring Psychomotor Development in Children, and Intelligence Scale for Young Children based on Cattell Infant Intelligence Scale.

Case studies described by psychologists using DSR at work are demonstrated in the next chapters. The first case study is an example of applying DSR in a standard way during the diagnostic procedure which determines an overall current development level of the child and assesses the dynamics of development in its particular areas. The second case study gives an account of a nonstandard DSR application which was aimed at monitoring the rehabilitation progress of a genetically ill child.

NORMS: For children aged 0;2(0) – 0;5(30) in two-week intervals, for older children at monthly intervals.

APPLICATIONS: Early detection of developmental disorders and retardation, determining child’s weak and strong points, assessment of developmentally relevant temperamental traits. It can be used as a screening tool or to determine the stimulative or corrective strategy.

MATERIALS:

•    Kit (manual, instruction, appendix, test materials in a bag, instruction film, 25 sheets of the Performance Scale, 25 sheets of the Observational Scale)
•    Manual
•    Instructions
•    Test materials in a bag
•    Instruction film
•    Appendix (2009) with validation data
•    Execution Scale sheets (25 copies)
•    Observational Scale sheets (25 copies)

Please note: All of our tests are published in Polish. There are not available other language versions of our tools.

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