CISS. COPING INVENTORY FOR STRESSFUL SITUATIONS

Authors:
N. S. Endler, J. D. A. Parker
Polish adaptation:
Piotr Szczepaniak, Jan Strelau, Kazimierz Wrześniewski
Manual:
Jan Strelau, Aleksandra Jaworowska, Kazimierz Wrześniewski, Piotr Szczepaniak (2005)
Age:
Adolescents, adults.
Procedure:
Group or individual administration, no time limit, approx. 15 min.
Test users:
Psychologists (psychology diploma required).

The questionnaire diagnoses stress-coping styles.

DESCRIPTION: CISS consists of 48 statements about different behaviors typical for people in distress. Subjects have to determine on a five-point scale the frequency of given behavior in stressful, difficult situations. Scores are formatted in three scales: SSZ – task-oriented style; SSE – emotion-oriented style; SSU –avoidant style. The latter can be divided into ACZ – distraction seeking, and PKT – social diversion.

RELIABILITY: High internal consistency of separate scales (coefficients between .78 and .90), satisfactory stability (correlations for a retest done 2-3 weeks later between .73 and .80).

VALIDITY: Confirmed factor validity. Construct validity was examined by studying relations between stress-coping strategies and personality traits, temperamental traits, anxiety, intelligence, social competencies, and emotional intelligence. The analysis of criterion validity included comparison of CISS scores across different job and clinical groups.

NORMS:  Standard ten for three age groups: 16-24, 25-54, 55-79, and for draftees.

APPLICATIONS: For research and practice, e. g. as a screening tool in some jobs (policemen, firemen, soldiers, drivers), or prior to the issuance of a firearms license.

MATERIALS:
•    Kit (manual, key, 25 questionnaires)
•    Manual
•    Test sheets (25 copies)
•    Key

Please note: All of our tests are published in Polish. There are not available other language versions of our tools.

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