ASRS. AUTISM SPECTRUM RATING SCALES

Authors:
Sam Goldstein, Jack A. Naglieri
Polish adaptation and manual:
Emilia Wrocławska-Warchala, Radosław Wujcik
Age:
Children and adolescents aged 2-5 and 6-18
Administration:
Questionnaires can be filled out by parents or teachers; both individual and group administration is possible; teachers, when instructed by a psychologist (or other specialist), can fill out the questionnaire without a psychologist's supervision.
Test users:
Psychologists (MA diploma is required), pediatricians and psychiatrists, pediatric and psychiatric nurses
Test category:
B2 – for psychologists; other professionals only after general psychometric training and test training

Description: ASRS or Autism Spectrum Rating Scale is designed to assess and measure behaviours which represent autism spectrum disorders (ASD). ASD can be described as a biologically conditioned set of pathological behaviours which can occur on many different levels and may be more or less severe. ASD is a complicated clinical term but a set of questionnaires ASRS may significantly facilitate assessment and treatment of autism spectrum disorders.
ASRS grasps the wide variety of behaviours associated with ASD including deficiences in communication skills, attention deficits and difficulties in the relations with peers and adults. It also includes assessment criteria of ASD as defined in DSM-IV-TR. In addition, the ASRS questionnaire allows to assesss attention deficits which are not captured by the main assessment axes of the DSM classification. Clinical observation shows, however, that these deficits usually accompany the main ASD symptoms.

There are two versions of ASRS: regular and short. The administration time for the former is 15 minutes, for the latter it is 5 minutes. The regular versions allow to describe various dimensions of child's functioning, whereas the short ones give you only the overall score. Psychometric characteristics of the short version are similar to the overall score of the regular version.

Reliability: very high (over 0,9) for the ASRS main scales in the teacher version and high (over 0,8) for the same scales in the parent version; satisfactory for shorter therapeutic scales.

Validity: discriminant validity confirmed – the test differentiates between children or adolescents with the assessed autism spectrum disorders and those with other assessments (original research); in the Polish research children assessed with ASD were compared to a sample of general population and a sample of those assessed with ADHD. In addition convergent and discriminant validities were confirmed by the associations with ASD questionnaire scores (original version) and with appropriate scales in Conners 3 and CDI-2 questionnaires (Polish version).

Norms: separate for each sex (gender) and combined; separate for each age group; developed for each version (R,N) on the quota sample of about 1500 persons (3000 filled-out questionnaires in total).

Application:  ASRS assesses and measures behaviours which represent autism spectrum disorders (ASD). ASD can be described as a biologically conditioned set of pathological behaviours which can occur on many different levels and may be more or less severe. ASD is a complicated clinical term but a set of questionnaires ASRS may significantly facilitate assessment and treatment of autism spectrum disorders. ASRS grasps the wide variety of behaviours associated with ASD including deficiences in communication skills, attention deficits and difficulties in the relations with peers and adults. It also includes ASD assessment criteria as defined in DSM-IV-TR. Additional commentary included in the manual allows to adapt the assessment to modifications introduced in DSM-V .

Materials:   

  • Complete set: manual, sheets – regular version (25 cop.), sheets – short version (25 cop.)
  • Manual
  • Sheets – parent version age 2-5 (25 cop.)
  • Sheets – teacher version age 2-5 (25 cop.)
  • Sheets – parent version age 6-18 (25 cop.)
  • Sheets – teacher version age 6-18 (25 cop.)
  • Sheets – short version age 2-5 (parent & teacher – 25 cop. each)
  • Sheets – short version age 6-18 (parent & teacher – 25 cop. each)
Please note: All of our tests are published in Polish. There are not available other language versions of our tools.

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