Adaptive Behaviour Assessment System ABAS-3

Authors: 
Patti L. Harrison, Thomas Oakland

ABAS-3 is an observation scale designed to assess the structure of adaptive behaviours which can be divided into three groups:

  • Cognitive skills including language, reading, writing and use of concepts associated with money, time and numbers
  • Social skills including interpersonal skills, social responsibility, self-evaluation, credulity, naivete (i.e. caution), obedience to law/rules, avoidance of victimization and solving social problems
  • Practical skills including everyday life activities (self-care), activity skills, use of money, security, caring for one's health, travelling/transport, regular/routine activities, use of telephone
  • and, in addition, Motoric skills in children

ABAS-3 allows to define score profile (calculated as IQ) related to ten specific skills (communication, social life, functional cognitive skills, life at home/school, health and security, relaxation, self-care, socialization, work) and provides the General Adapatation Measure (also in the IQ form).

Polish normalization will involve the group of persons aged 0-20. ABAS-3 is compatible withe the DSM-V directives: The assessment of intellectual disability is based both on clinical evaluation and on the scores of standarized test tools measuring intellectual and adaptive skills (APA 2013, s. 37). It can be useful in the assessment of all persons whose everyday functioning is disturbed (cf. Harrison, 1990; Harrison, Boney, 2002; Reschly, 1990) including those with:

  • traumatic experience
  • attention deficits/hyperactivity (ADHD)
  • destructive behaviour
  • anxiety disorders
  • temper disorders
  • neuro-cognitive injuries
  • ASD disorders
  • developmental disorders and retardations
  • nutrition disorders
  • health deficiencies
  • language disorders
  • learning disorders
  • neuro-behavioural and neuro-developmental disorders
  • injuries of movement apparatus
  • physical disabilities
  • personality disorders
  • psychotic disorders and thinking disorders
  • sense injuries
  • sleep disorders
  • disorders related to the use of psychoactive substances or post-traumatic brain injuries


The work on the Polish adaptation of ABAS-3 started in April 2016

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